Glaucoma is a severe eye condition that affects your optical nerve. It occurs due to an abnormally high pressure inside your eye. If you delay the treatment, its symptoms intensify over time and may lead to loss of vision.
Causes of Glaucoma
Aqueous humour is a transparent fluid that secretes from your eyes via a mesh-like channel, ciliary epithelium. However, if this channel gets blocked due to some reason, this liquid will build up and may lead to glaucoma.
High-pressure buildup inside your eye is the most common cause of glaucoma. However, it can also arise due to the following reasons:
- Blocked blood vessels inside your eye
- A chemical injury to the eye
- Severe eye infections
Adults above the age of 40 are at a higher risk of experiencing glaucoma. Diabetes also increases the risk of this eye disease. Also, if you take steroid medications such as prednisone, you’re like to develop its symptoms down the line.
It’s not possible to prevent glaucoma, but if you self-diagnose it during the early stages, you can avoid vision loss.
Symptoms of Glaucoma
The following symptoms can indicate you have developed glaucoma:
- Blurred vision or loss of vision
- Severe headaches
- Excruciating eye pain
- Eye redness
- The appearance of halos around light
- Narrowed vision
Diagnosis and Treatment
The aforementioned symptoms can help you determine whether or not you have glaucoma. You should see an ophthalmologist at the earliest for diagnosis of the disease.
The ophthalmologist will use eye drops to dilate your pupils. Later, they will examine your eyes and vision. They will carefully examine the optic nerve. If you are likely to develop glaucoma, they will capture its images to track your disease.
Tonometry test helps them check eye pressure. They will also carry out a visual field test to determine whether you have lost your peripheral vision. These tests are painless, so you can visit eye specialists at PersonalEyes without any worries.
If glaucoma is diagnosed at the early stages, your doctor may prescribe eye drops to limit the formation of aqueous humour and increase its flow from your eyes. However, certain eye drops may lead to redness, blurred vision, allergy, and irritation in the eyes. Make sure you inform them beforehand if you’re allergic to any medications.
If you have acute angle-closure glaucoma or open-angle glaucoma, laser surgery can be the right option for you. The procedures include the treatment of the middle layers of your eyes to control fluid production, unblocking the drainage area, and making a tiny hole in the iris so that the fluid can flow more freely.
However, only your ophthalmologist can guide you about the most suitable treatment that will work for you.
Glaucoma is more common than you think. It’s the second leading cause of blindness worldwide. In this eye condition, your optic nerve gets affected that may lead to vision loss if you don’t treat it during the early stages.