Laparoscopy is a medical and surgical procedure done to examine the inside of the abdomen. It does not involve large incisions and is a minimally invasive form of surgery. During laparoscopic surgery, a small incision (1-1.5cm) is made on the abdomen near the belly button. A tube is then inserted into the incision from which carbon dioxide gas is pumped. This is done to inflate the abdominal cavity and have a clear view of the inside.
Safety of a laparoscopic surgery
Laparoscopic surgery is very safe as it requires minimal incisions and yet has the same results as traditional surgery. However, it does come with its own set of risks and side effects such as those related to anaesthesia, infections and internal bleeding. Side effects of the surgery may be nausea and vomiting, internal and persistent pain, fever, dizziness and difficulty in urination. The risks and side effects, however, vary on the type of laparoscopic surgery, nature of the operation and the precautions that one takes before and after the surgery.
Recovery from a laparoscopic surgery
Laparoscopy equipment is typically such that it reduces the size of the incision that may be required and is considered to be among the safest being used in surgery these days. Recovery after the surgery is fairly fast as compared to a traditional surgery primarily because of the incision size. Patients who have been laparoscopically treated are ideally observed for a few hours or overnight if needed and discharged the following day if everything goes well. Slight pain in the abdomen and even shoulders may continue over the next two to three days but should subside eventually. In case the pain does not subside, one should reach out to the doctor for follow up checks. Normal activity can be resumed in a week’s time. However, heavy lifting or bending may not be allowed for a month post the surgery so that the stitches heal properly.