The prostate is a walnut-shaped, small gland that produces seminal fluid. It’s a part of the male reproductive system that assists in nourishing and transporting sperm during ejaculation.
Prostate cancer is one of the most common types of cancer amongst men. This type of cancer is often diagnosed duringits early stages, since it spreads quite slowly. If you experience its symptoms, you should see your doctor at the earliest to eliminate cancerous cells before they affect other organs.
Let’s take a look at some of the most common symptoms of prostate cancer:
- Blood in urine or during ejaculation
- Erectile dysfunction
- Burning sensations during ejaculation or while urinating
- A frequent need to urinate
- Inability to start or stop a stream of urine
- Difficulty in urinating while standing up
- Pain in bones, upper thighs, lower back or pelvic area
- Sudden weight loss without any particular reason
- Swelling in your feet or legs
If you experience urinary symptoms, it doesn’t necessarily mean you’re suffering from prostate cancer. It’s possible that these symptoms appear due to the enlargement of the prostate. It’s in your best interest to visit your doctor for diagnosis and treatment of the condition.
Prostate cancer is caused due to the malfunction of cells. These abnormal cells grow more rapidly than normal cells and last longer than other cells. If you don’t treat this disease during its early stages, these cells may spread to other parts of your body.
Here are certain risk factors for prostate cancer:
- Age – The risk of prostate cancer significantly increases as you age. Only one in 10,000 men under 40 are diagnosed with this disease, whereas one in 15 men above 60 experience it
- Obesity – Obesity augments its symptoms and reduces the efficacy of treatment options
- Family History – If you have a family history of breast cancer, you’re more at risk of suffering from prostate cancer
Diagnosis and Treatment
Your doctor can diagnose prostate cancer with the help of ultrasound and prostate biopsy. Bone scan and MRI screening also help them determine the severity of the problem.
If cancer cells aren’t growing rapidly, you may need not go for the treatment right away. However, if you’re suffering from high-risk prostate cancer, your doctor may suggest you should opt for radical prostatectomy. Brachytherapy also proves effective in eliminating cancer cells. Further information available here.
The aforementioned treatment options prove effective only if you diagnose cancer during its early stages. However, you can prevent it in the first place with the help of the following precautions:
- Include more fruits, vegetables, and grains that are rich in vitamins and minerals in your diet
- Avoid high-fat foods
- Exercise also helps you keep fit and reduces the risk of prostate cancer
- Maintain a healthy weight
Prostate cancer is a curable disease as long as it’s diagnosed during the initial stages. Annual physical health exam can help in the early diagnosis and treatment of cancer.