Varicose Veins and their Tentacles of Discomfort

Ridding the corners of your walls of those spider webs was hard enough, now those tentacles of varicose veins have invaded your legs too, have they?

Before looking at ways to avoid them lets understand what varicose veins actually are.

What are Varicose Veins?

They are basically inflamed veins that have gnarled and twisted into an ungainly sight on the skin. Varicose veins usually occur when the valves in the veins that stop our blood from flowing backwards due to the pull of the gravity, no longer work. This makes the veins become varicose. The blood starts accumulating and inflaming the affected veins under the skin.

Varicose veins, whose variations are commonly called spider veins, mostly occur in the lower legs of our bodies which are under most pressure while standing up.

Causes and symptoms

Although not often life-threatening the concern is mostly of cosmetic nature. Varicose veins are also known to cause redness and itchiness of skin, cramps, ankle swelling as well as skin discoloration.

Further if the affliction turns too severe it may also entail pain in the affected area. One of the pain varicose veins can make you feel is burning and throbbing of the muscles and at times even bleeding from the region of the affected skin.

Risk Factors of Varicose Veins

Certain factors do increase the chances of appearance of varicose veins which include aging, familyhistory, obesity, pregnancy, menopause or even standing and sitting for long periods of time. Women are known to be more likely of developing varicose veins.

Severe complications

While complications are rarely observed in varicose veins, they can include severely painful ulcers which originate after the appearance of a discoloured spot on the skin. Extreme cases of varicose veins may also cause blood clots, bleeding, dermatitis, and in some cases even carcinoma. But before overthinking bear in mind the chances of severe varicose veins such as these are minimal.

Treatment of Varicose veins

Common cases of varicose veins can be easily treated through proper diet and regular exercise. Frequent elevation of legs and use of tight stockings also help in preventing these blue and purple masses of the skin.

Other common treatments include sclerotherapy where a chemical is injected into the affected veins to shrink and eventually fade them from the skin.

For severe cases or for immediate removal, surgery is also an option. But the infected veins that are stripped off in surgeries are often seen to have regrown.

Prevention

The best way to tackle any illness is through prevention and the same is true for varicose veins as well. One can take some appropriate steps to have a varicose-free future. Most physicians advise to

  • exercise regularly,
  • eat a high fibre and low salt diet,
  • keep moving and avoid standing for long stretches of time &
  • Use tight hosiery to counter the clotting of blood.

Varicose veins have become one of the common afflictions in this fast-aging and junk food gobbling days of the 21st century. We have to take appropriate steps to change our lifestyles for a better and healthier future. Besides, we ladies cannot let those blue, bulging veins ruin our looks now can we?