Common Sexually Transmitted Diseases and their Treatment

Generally, sexually transmitted diseases are spread by performing sexual intercourse in forms of vaginal, anal, or oral. Majority of these diseases manifest none to mild symptoms, and sometimes may not even be recognized as STD.

Causes of STDs

These diseases can be caused by bacteria, virus, fungus, or parasites. Not all sexually transmitted diseases are curable. Infections commonly caused by bacteria can be easily treated and cured using antibiotics. However, viral diseases can be managed and controlled but not cured.

Common Bacterial STDs

STI of bacterial origin can be cured with antibiotics. Although it does not prevent the infection from coming back, however it can completely remove the infection after treatment. The most common bacterial STDs are syphilis, gonorrhea, and chlamydia.

Common Viral STDs

The only four viral STDs all starts with letter ‘H’. They are Herpes, HIV, HPV (human papilloma virus or most commonly known as genital warts), and Hepatitis (this can be prevented by vaccine). Having a viral STD has unfortunately no cure. However, it can be managed and treated with antivirals such as Valtrex.

Valtrex cannot cure these diseases however, it can lessen and manage the symptoms of the infection. It is more effective to start the treatment as soon as symptoms occur. You can first consult your doctor before you buy Valtrex as this medicine can have a significant effect if used with other medicines.

Common Fungal STD

Candidiasis, known as yeast infection, commonly affects women. Its symptoms are itching and burning sensation in the genital area and white cottage-cheese-like discharges from the vagina. It rarely occurs in men, though it can affect the penis resulting in itchiness. It is treated with topical antifungal agents. A one-time dose of fluconazole is 90% effective in treating a vaginal yeast infection.

Common Parasitic STD

Trichomoniasis, scabies, and pubic lice (crabs) are commonly called infections from love bugs.

Trichomoniasis, commonly called trich, is the itching and inflammation in the genital area. It is common and easy to cure with a single dose of antibiotic metronidazole or tinidazole.

Scabies are skin mites that causes intense itching. Neem and clove oil can treat the symptoms, but prescription medication will kill the mites.

Pubic lice are small parasites that attach to the skin and hair in the genital area. They can be removed by lice-killing lotion available as an OTC treatment.

If you are sexually active and you suspect that you have an STD, consult your nurse or physician as soon as possible to provide an early treatment. Delaying treatment may cause serious long-term effects.