The popularity of minimally invasive surgeries has been increasing across all medical specialties in recent times. The success of this surgery, however, has been exceptional when it comes to orthopaedic interventions. Latest research and advanced technologies have led to improved methods of joint replacement, arthroscopic repairs of sports injuries and microscopic treatment of complex musculoskeletal conditions.
According to doctors at AMRI Hospital, one of the best orthopedic hospitals in Kolkata, the latest methods have not only benefited people, but doctors as well. They are able to perform the same surgery in lesser time, and the success rate has been remarkable. Some of the latest minimally invasive orthopedic surgery options are:
- Shoulder arthroscopy: It is a type of surgery where arthroscope and specialized tools are used to visualize the joint and perform the replacement surgery. It can help in dismissing painful symptoms caused by injury to the rotator cuff tendons, articular cartilage, labryum and other soft tissues. Shoulder arthroscopy can also be used for bone spur removal, labral repair, shoulder instability repair and removal of inflamed tissue.
- Minimally invasive spine surgery: A surgeon can easily locate the exact source of pain with minimally invasive spine surgery. The tools that are used in this surgery are slightly different. The doctors use a type of real-time X-ray that is known as fluoroscopy. Herniated disc treatment, spinal stenosis treatment, spinal decompression and spinal fusion can be performed by minimally invasive spine surgery.
- Hip arthroscopy: In this type of surgery, a small incision is made to insert an arthroscope into the hip joint. The surgeons at AMRI Hospital explain that they view the joint and handle the instruments using enlarged images provided by the arthroscope. The painful symptoms impacting the articular cartilage, labrum and other soft tissues can be eliminated through hip arthroscopy. It can be used to treat hip dysplasia, hip injuries, loose bodies in joint, synovitis, etc.
- Knee arthroscopy: A surgeon makes two or more small incisions in the knee and attaches a camera to arthroscope to visualize the internal part of the joint. Small surgical tools are inserted through other incisions, and the entire operation can be seen on a television screen. A surgeon is helped by an image to guide the instruments and make the necessary repairs. This type of surgery is mostly used for meniscal tear repair, loose body removal, ACL tear reconstructions and removal of inflamed synovium.
- Minimally invasive total joint replacement: In this type of surgery, joint replacement like hip, knee and shoulder can be performed to remove the damaged or worn surfaces of a joint, and replace them with artificial joint components. According to the doctors at AMRI Hospital, one of the best orthopaedic hospitals in Kolkata, previously they used to expose the entire joint. The muscles and tendons were detached and reattached to access the joint.
However, all that has changed with minimally invasive joint replacement, wherein small incisions are used to conduct the surgery without disturbing the soft tissues. Minimally invasive surgery options are reliable and impactful. It is likely that the success rate of surgeries will further rise with the kind of advancement that are happening in this field.