Medicine is the application of science to treat a disease or medical condition. It includes all methods of healing through the use of physical therapy, drugs, surgery and other forms of administration. Health is a condition of mental, physical and emotional well-being where infirmity and illness are absent. It includes the aspects of life that relate to the physical being such as the physical structure, psychology, physiology, behavior, habits, interpersonal relations and social aspects.
There is a perception that the higher the income bracket is, the more healthy one is. This is not true. In developed countries, the majority of people live with poor health and that seems to be because they have not learnt to embrace health. In developing countries, health education is not commonly provided nor taught in schools. Most people learn to adopt good health practices from their parents.
Medicine as a medical practice has developed over the years. Initially there was no great effort to develop medicines. People were not yet aware of the concepts of health and illness. Knowledge in medicine was considered to be the property of the upper classes. It was only with the coming of revolution in western and northern parts of the globe that medicine began to be of public interest.
The objective of medicine is to provide the appropriate medical services to the sick by enabling them to survive. The objective may also include preventing or reducing the extent of suffering for those who are ill. In addition to treating, preventing and controlling diseases, medicine also provides comfort and alleviates stress, trauma and pain. There are different types of medicine that are used by health professionals to deliver effective services to the sick. These include Ayurveda, chiropractic, alternative, Complementary medicine and Holistic health care.
Chiropractic is another form of medicine that may use manual therapy and physical therapy. It also incorporates massage and chiropractic care to enhance wellness. Many people choose complementary medicine when they have chronic pain. These types of illnesses include degenerative joint conditions, fibromyalgia, migraine headaches and back pain.